1. The Torah insists that all judgements in court be based on the testimony of at least two witnesses. This principle is apparently designed to prevent individuals with grudges to abuse the court system by filing spurious claims against their adversaries. The danger, of course, is that crimes rarely happen with a pair of witnesses handy. What kind of society could result from adherence to this strict standard? All legal systems are torn between protecting the accused inncocent and protecting the victims. What kinds of systems are needed to accomplish both?

  2. The Torah provides for those who are fearful to fight, the opportunity to avoid battle. At the same time, to protect their dignity, it offers people with a variety of unfinished business to return home. Thus, nobody needs to know who is leaving the battle as a result of fear and who is leaving for other legitimate reasons. What kinds of reasons could today justify an individual's not doing their share in the defense of the Jewish People? In principle, should Jews living outside the State of Israel have the same obligation to fight in the Israeli army as Jews who were raised in the Land?

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