Haggadah Pesach (Unit 1)
This unit was designed to help students learn more about the Haggadah and how to actively participate in the Pesach Seder.
Please note: These lessons were developed as part of the Hartman Institute Tichon Curriculum Consultation program.
To adapt this lesson for a virtual classroom, please see the notes throughout the lesson plan with instructions.
Resources & Equipment needed
- Game rules for Monopoly (these can also be found online here)
- A Haggadah
- Books like: a siddur, a songbook, a storybook, and/or a teacher’s guide to a textbook
- Print out the worksheet: What is a Haggadah? (see appendix). For a virtual lesson, email the worksheet to students in advance of the class.
- Homework worksheet (see appendix). For a virtual lesson, email the worksheet to students after class.
Have students bring to class:
- Writing utensils
- A Haggadah
- A copy of the worksheet, if sent in advance
1. Set Induction
a. The teacher tells students, today we’re going to play a game! Bring in the game rules from Monopoly (these can also be found online here). Read rules aloud to the class (all students follow along with copies of rules). Then say, OK, wasn’t that fun?!? Did everyone have a good time playing the game? Was that an enjoyable/fulfilling/meaningful experience?
b. What if our Seder was like that? Is it? Let’s read a section from the Passover Haggadah: p.16 last paragraph in A Different Night (compact edition – red),“The more…” Is reading that sentence telling us the whole story of Passover? Is it more fun to read the directions or play the game?
c. OK, so now what do you think a Haggadah is? (show Haggadot) Begin with the word Haggadah and ask, what is the Haggadah about
Distribute “What is a Haggadah” worksheet (attached in the appendix below).
a. Students brainstorm their ideas
b. Give an axiom: (BRING IN THESE MATERIALS – siddur, songbook, storybook, teacher’s guide to a textbook)
Haggadah is NOT a siddur of prayers Haggadah is NOT the Torah – a book of stories Haggadah is NOT Halacha book Haggadah is NOT a book,
c. So, what is it???
d. Answer = Who leads your Seder? (Have them raise their hands and answer)
The Haggadah is an educator’s guide for the parents so they can pass down the information, but we will help you to lead so that you can eventually lead the seder for your children! To help them to do storytelling! (checklist for brachot, tefillot, etc.)Guidelines for transmitting mitzvah of a parent from one generation talking to a child from another generation. **The book of pedagogy **The educational advice that rabbis gave to parents so they could do the act of telling the story from one generation to the other.
(Refer back to prompt responses – does your answer change?)
1. If a teacher were to plan a good lesson for you, what elements would it have? Think about your favorite lesson and why it was your favorite.
Anticipated responses: Games, singing, stories, food, interactive, activities, student participation!
That’s exactly what’s in the Haggadah – it’s a master teacher’s lesson plan on the story of Passover. Remember it’s a lesson plan, so for it to be effective, it requires interpretation of the text and interaction with the text/asking questions of the text (not just reading – does this sound familiar? – Tanach/Mishna).
[This may be different than what you’ve experienced at your seders where you may just read through the Haggadah.]
2. Students review the table of contents in their Haggadot and make a note of their favorite elements. Where is singing, food, storytelling, etc.? It’s all in there!
3. Review the order of the Seder. So, the point is to expand on the elements not to sing the agenda! It’s the doing, not the talking about! (Mishna – say little, do much)
4. Since we know that lesson plans always begin with goals/objectives and the Haggadah is meant to be viewed as a lesson plan, what do you think the goals for the Haggadah are?
a. One goal (objective) of the Haggadah is for every person to emotionally identify with the Exodus from Egypt, as it is said, “In every generation, one is obligated to see oneself as one who personally went out of Egypt.” (Mishne Torah, Ch.7 – Rambam)
b. PERSONAL EXODUS STORY (to be told during Maggid)
c. Explain the personal exodus story assignment (see appendix). Interview a family member about a difficult experience he/she overcame. Record the story and relate it to the Exodus of the Jews from Egypt (from slavery to freedom). This is a time when a change occurred for the better but it was a difficult obstacle to overcome. Examples: job loss, family relationships, divorce, death, stress.
A rubric for “My Family’s Exodus Story” is provided and can be sent to students for homework (see appendix).